新葡萄京娱乐场8522

新葡萄京娱乐场8522
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怎样练好口译中的发声?

时间:2019-02-12 15:28:58 编辑:


  译员在进行口译时一定要吐字清晰、发音标准,平时可以通过朗读、绕口令来进行练习,今天北京新葡萄京娱乐场8522给大家说说练好口译发声的技巧。

  In that case of interpretation, the interpreter must have a clear word, the pronunciation standard, the practice can be carry out by reading and winding the password, today, the Beijing translation company said to the people the skill to practice the sound of the interpretation.

  1、运用声音

  1, Use sound

  译员表达时首先要吐字清晰、发音标准。译员对于听众而言就是一个发言者,要让听众听得清楚、便于理解。语音训练可以通过朗读、演讲和绕口令来进行。译员要及时发现自己的发音含糊、吐字不清等问题并作针对性的纠正。

  When the interpreter is expressed, the word is clear and the pronunciation is standard. The interpreter is a speaker for the audience to make the audience clear and easy to understand. Voice training can be performed by reading, speaking, and winding a password. The translator should timely find out the problems such as vague pronunciation, unclear words and so on and correct the problems.

  译员声音还要洪亮,要学会用丹田发音,而不是用喉音。音质尽量柔和悦耳。译员保持足够的音量和合适的音质,既是自信的表现,又有利于克服紧张情绪。

  The translator's voice is also so loud that it is to learn to use the Dantian pronunciation instead of the sound of the throat. The sound quality is as soft as possible. The interpreters maintain sufficient volume and proper sound quality, both self-confident and nervous.

  声音训练可以通过大量的朗读练习来进行。另一种练习形式是就同一份讲话材料,以快速、慢速和快慢交替的速度分别演讲。这种练习主要是针对口译中发言者有时候会突然改变说话的速度,例如受时间的限制要提前结束发言等情况,译员也能做出相应的调整。译员练习时要做到音质音量始终如一,不能让听众感觉到太突兀的变化,即使速度变化也要保持声音平稳悦耳。

  The sound training can be performed by a large number of reading exercises. Another form of practice is to speak at a fast, slow, and slow pace with the same speech material. This practice is mainly aimed at the fact that speakers in interpretation sometimes suddenly change the speed of speaking, such as the time constraints are to be ended prematurely, and the interpreters can make corresponding adjustments. When the interpreter exercises, the sound volume is consistent, and the listener can not feel the change of the sound quality, even if the speed change is to keep the sound smooth and pleasant.

  译员在发声方面还应注意麦克风的使用。由于译员工作时大多通过麦克风传递声音,因此一定要注意合理控制发声,嘴巴与麦克风要保持一段距离,避免紧张的喘气声和其他附加声音通过麦克风传递出去,影响译文的表达。

  Interpreters should also pay attention to the use of microphones. As most of the interpreters work through microphones, they must pay attention to sound control, keep their mouths away from the microphone, and avoid the tense gasps and other additional sounds being transmitted through the microphone. Affect the expression of the translation.

  2、把握节奏

  2, Grasp the rhythm

  译员在表达时要做到节奏平稳、断句合理。适当的停顿能帮助听众更好地理解和把握说话人的意图,更积极地聆听演讲,所以译员在平时说话和口译时都要注意节奏的变化,合理地停顿。

  The interpreter should keep the rhythm steady and break sentences reasonably. The appropriate pause can help the audience to understand and grasp the speaker's intention better and listen to the speech more actively. Therefore, the interpreter should pay attention to the change of rhythm and pause reasonably in both speaking and interpreting.

  这种能力可以通过朗读练习来培养,朗读时以意群为单位,注意断句的位置和停顿时间,并邀请同伴做听众,以检查自己朗读的效果,帮助发现问题。

  This ability can be developed by reading aloud in units of meaning groups, paying attention to the position and pause time of broken sentences, and inviting fellow listeners to check the effect of their own reading and help to find problems.

  3、调整语气

  3, adjust tone

  语气是体现讲话者感情色彩最直接的信号。它包括质疑、感叹、愤怒、牢骚、释然、强调等。译员可以在平时练习中多看各种演讲的视频,揣摩说话人不同语气的运用,设想自己就是讲者,像演员一样重新演绎先前的讲话,做到神形相似。

  The tone is the most direct signal that reflects the emotional color of the speaker. It includes questions, exclamation, anger, complaints, relief, stress, and so on. The translator can read the video of various speeches in the usual practice, and figure out the use of the different tone of the speaker, and imagine that he is the speaker, to reinterpret the previous speech like an actor and to be a god-like.

  另外,译员的语气要尽量与场合保持一致:如果翻译场合庄严肃穆,翻译时尽量不要过于诙谐和随意;相反如果是在非正式的场合,如果讲者的语气比较调侃,译员翻译时也应做到轻松幽默。

  In addition, the interpreter should try his best to keep the tone consistent with the occasion: if the occasion is solemn and solemn, the translator should try not to be too witty and casual; On the contrary, if it is informal, if the speaker's tone is more sarcastic, the interpreter should also be light humor.

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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