新葡萄京娱乐场8522

新葡萄京娱乐场8522
当前位置: 新葡萄京娱乐场8522 > 资讯中心 > 企业资讯

推荐 +MORE

·影视翻译 ·合同翻译 ·科技翻译 ·医学翻译 ·法律翻译 ·金融翻译 ·证件翻译 ·文学翻译 ·图书翻译 ·工程翻译 解决方案 SOLUTIONS 专业流程 WORKFLOW 翻译技术 TRANSLATION TECHNOLOGY 填写询价表 ONLINE INQUIRY

交替传译有怎样的练习技巧?

时间:2019-02-16 15:32:38 编辑:


  交替传译是口译员边听源语言边记笔记,等演讲者发言结束或是等待传译的时候,用清楚准确地语言来表达演讲者所讲的内容。下面北京新葡萄京娱乐场8522给大家带来了交替传译的练习技巧。

  Consecutive interpretation is an interpreter who takes notes while listening to the source language, and when the speaker is finished or waits for interpretation, express the speaker's content in a clear and accurate language. The following translation company brings you the skill of consecutive interpretation.

  1、平时的大量练习

  1. A lot of practice

  口译练习,说得直白一点是天天练习,最好一天都不要拉下。让练习成为生活内容的一部分,还愁成不了好的口译员嘛?有条件的,可采取两人一组的方式,一人充当讲话者,另一人担任翻译。一个人练习可采用视译的方法,看报读书时,将某些段落作成笔记,随后口译出来。

  In interpreting practice, put it bluntly, practice every day. It's best not to pull it down for a day. Let practice become a part of life, but can't you be a good interpreter? Conditional, in pairs, one as speaker and the other as interpreter. A person can practice using visual translation, reading newspapers, taking notes of certain paragraphs, and then interpreting them.

  2、有效的笔记系统和高效的翻译技巧

  2. Effective note-taking system and efficient translation skills

  口译的笔记重要性不言而喻。需要强调的是,这里关联词的记录应得到特别重视,以确保翻译时,用一根线就能连起一串珠。

  The importance of interpreting notes is self-evident. It should be emphasized that the record of the relevant words should be paid special attention to ensure that a string of beads can be connected with one line in translation.

  口译中,如果碰见那些特别古板、喜欢炫复杂句子的发言人,为了便于听众理解,也许尽量简化复杂的句子结构。所幸的是,大多数的发言人往往都是复杂与简单相叠加,这也就向口译员提供了一个很好的机会,也就是可以利用那些简单的句子,翻出一些花样来,可以把原本简单的句子装扮地复杂、花哨一点。这点小小的技巧并非为了投机取巧,而实在是从日常的交传经验中提炼出的一点体会。

  In interpretation, if you meet speakers who are particularly stodgy and like to dazzle complicated sentences, you may try to simplify the structure of complex sentences for the sake of the audience's understanding. Fortunately, most of the speakers tend to be overlaid with complexity and simplicity, which provides an excellent opportunity for interpreters to use those simple sentences to figure out some tricks. You can dress up simple sentences a little more intricately and garish. This little trick is not for opportunism, but rather a bit of experience distilled from the daily experience of passing on.

  3、灵活的临场处理

  3. Flexible field handling

  关于这一方面,文章不少,大家可以自行查看。最主要的是做到翻译的声音一定要稳定自信,不然讲话人会紧张,会不讲完一个句子就停下来,这样反而更不好翻译。

  About this aspect, the article is many, everybody can check by oneself. The most important thing is to make the sound of translation steady and confident, otherwise the speaker will be nervous and stop without a sentence.

  另外,再强调一点要注意的。在发言人与你商量是不是一句一句地说时,一定要果断地拒绝诱惑,并充满自信地告诉他,请他说完一个完整的意思再停下来。这样对两方面都好,发言人会很高兴自己能够完整表达一个意思,而交传译员也可以先总体后部分地传译发言。同时,这个办法还能赢得听众的赞叹和信任。据个人经验,听众判断交传水平高低的一个重要标准就是翻译的长度,如果译员能够在发言人讲话5分钟,甚至10分钟之后还能将发言主要内容翻出来,这在大多数听众眼里就是高水平的译员了。但实际上,大家都知道,不管多长时间的发言,只要一段话是围绕一个中心话题展开的,那么对大家口译员来说,就是一个完整的意义单位,不管是2、3分钟,还是8、9分钟都不会产生太大问题。经验丰富的译员都可以通过笔记记录和读取将原文的主要内容一五一十地传达出来。

  In addition, we should pay attention to one more point. When the speaker is talking to you about whether to say it or not, be sure to refuse the temptation and tell him confidently that he will finish a full meaning before stopping. This would be good for both sides, and the speaker would be pleased to be able to express a full meaning, and the handing in interpreter would be able to interpret the speech in general and then in part. At the same time, this method can also win the audience's admiration and trust. According to personal experience, an important criterion for the audience to judge the level of transmission is the length of the translation, if the interpreter is able to deliver the speaker for 5 minutes or even 10 minutes after the speaker has spoken. This is a high level interpreter in the eyes of most listeners. But in fact, we all know that, no matter how long you speak, as long as a paragraph is focused on a central topic, then for us interpreters, it's a complete unit of meaning, whether it's 2 or 3 minutes. Eight or nine minutes is not a big problem. Experienced interpreters can write down and read through notes to convey the main content of the original.

  4、心理素质的培养

  4. Training of psychological quality

  开会之前的充分准备自然重要,但临场的发挥同样关键。与同传的工作状态相比,交传时尤其面对着更大的压力,听众期待的眼光有的时候就是一种莫名的心理压力。在这时候,一方面交传译员需要稳定心情,沉着应战,把握会场局面,而另一方面却又不能让自己的翻译显得过于保守、枯燥。这时候可能就需要一点点地技巧和经验来帮忙。

  Preparation before the meeting is naturally important, but the performance of the site is equally critical. Compared with the working state of simultaneous interpretation, the communication is faced with even greater pressure, and sometimes the expectation of the audience is a kind of psychological pressure. At this time, on the one hand, the interpreter needs to be calm, calm and grasp the situation, on the other hand, he can not make his translation too conservative and boring. It may take a little skill and experience to help.

  另外,要提的一点是,大声朗读是一种不错的方法。还可练习在小型会议上发表自己的观点,同人交流。若能通过在一些比较正式的比赛、演出中登台以增强信心,锻炼胆量,则更是良策了。

  In addition, it is a good way to read aloud. You can also practice expressing your views in small meetings and communicating with people. It would be a good idea to improve confidence and courage by appearing on stage in some more formal competitions.

  5、认真准备每次任务

  5. Prepare for each mission carefully

  对会谈要点、发布会口径、参观将会涉及的技术用语等都要尽可能充分地掌握,以便翻译时成竹在胸,游刃有余。

  We should master the key points of the talks, the caliber of the press conference and the technical terms involved in the visit as fully as possible, so as to be able to understand the translation.

  这其中尤为重要的是要记住那些特别的词汇。每次会议总会有特别的词汇,比如医学的会议,就会出现各种各样的病名、药名,而这些又往往都是很长很长的奇奇怪怪的词汇,所以尤其需要花点时间和精力去记忆。有一种说法是,口译员的最高境界是一场会议下来,全场的人都听懂了,达到了沟通交流的效果。

  It is especially important to remember those special words. Every meeting always has special words, such as medical meetings, and there are a variety of names of diseases, medicines, which are often long, weird words, so it takes time and effort to remember them. There is a saying that the interpreter's highest level is a meeting down, the entire audience understood, to achieve the effect of communication.

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图