新葡萄京娱乐场8522

新葡萄京娱乐场8522
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俄语的翻译技巧有哪些?

时间:2019-02-25 14:06:03 编辑:


  俄语是俄罗斯的官方语言,主要特点是元音少辅音多,在学习中也是有着一定的难度,下面医学新葡萄京娱乐场8522给大家说说俄语的翻译技巧有哪些?

  Russian is the official language of Russia. Its main feature is that it has fewer vowels and more consonants. It is also difficult to learn Russian. What are the translation skills of Russian spoken by Medical Translators?

  1、用词的准确性

  1. Accuracy of wording

  俄语和汉语大多数词都是一词多义,原文的词义在译文中可以找到几个相同意思的词汇,因此,在选词时,必须根据原稿件中的上下文来选择合适的词汇。

  Most words in Russian and Chinese are polysemous, and the meaning of the original text can be found in the translation of several words with the same meaning. Therefore, when choosing words, we must choose the appropriate words according to the context of the original.

  2、词量的增减

  2. Increase or decrease in vocabulary

  许多情况下,俄语词与词之间的搭配习惯与汉语有明显的不同,在俄语翻译中,可能俄语几个词之间的搭配,在翻译成汉语时会产生重复,如果直接译成汉语,译文会显得啰嗦。这种情况下,俄语译成汉语需要把原文中那些没有实际意义的词省去不译,这样译文才能简洁明了。除此之外,在俄语翻译成汉语时,可能会出现词与词之间的翻译缺少过渡词,这时如果直接按字面意思译成汉语,不仅不符合汉语习惯,甚至会产生误解。因此,在这种情况下,译成汉语必须把字里行间潜在的词增补出来,这样译文才能语意畅达。

  In many cases, the collocation habits of Russian words and words are obviously different from those of Chinese. In Russian translation, the collocation of several Russian words may produce repetition when translated into Chinese. If translated directly into Chinese, the translation will be verbose. In this case, the translation of Russian into Chinese requires the omission and non-translation of words that have no practical meaning in the original text, so that the translation can be concise and clear. In addition, when Russian is translated into Chinese, there may be a lack of transitional words in the translation between words. If translated literally into Chinese, it will not only be inconsistent with Chinese habits, but even lead to misunderstanding. Therefore, in this case, the potential words between the lines must be added to the Chinese translation so that the meaning of the translation can be fluent.

  3、词义的引申

  3. Extension of Word Meaning

  汉语和俄语由于使用习惯不同,有许多词或词组,从原文上下文来看并不费解。可是,如果按其词面意义直接翻译,就会显得生硬、逻辑不通。这种情况下,应当引申词语的意义,选择合适的表达方式,灵活处理原文中的一些词句,在忠实原文的基础上翻译。

  Because of their different usage habits, Chinese and Russian have many words or phrases, which are not difficult to understand from the original context. However, if translated directly according to its surface meaning, it will appear stiff and illogical. In this case, we should extend the meaning of words, choose the appropriate way of expression, flexibly handle some words and sentences in the original text, and translate them on the basis of faithfulness to the original text.

  4、词类和句子成分的转换

  4. Conversion of Word Parts and Sentence Components

  汉语和俄语在词汇的构成和造句上存在着很大差异,如果只是按照原文生搬硬套的翻译词汇,就会使译文不伦不类,因此,为了确切的表达原文,应当根据两种语言的语法、修辞习惯来转换词类;在表达同一内容时,可采用一些与原文不同的语言手段来替换原文中不能硬译的语言形式。需要注意的是,代换只是词类形式的交换,而不是内容的随意改变。

  There are great differences between Chinese and Russian in terms of vocabulary formation and sentence-making. If we just copy the translated vocabulary according to the original text, the translation will be different. Therefore, in order to express the original exactly, we should change the parts of speech according to the grammar and rhetoric habits of the two languages. When expressing the same content, we can use some linguistic means different from the original to replace the original. Language forms that can be hard-translated. It should be noted that substitution is only the exchange of parts of speech, not the arbitrary change of content.

  以上四点就是医学翻译企业给大家分享俄语翻译的技巧,希翼可以帮到大家,想要了解更多相关内容,可以拨打大家的热线电话前来咨询。

  The above four points are the skills of Russian translation shared by Medical Translators. I hope that I can help you. If you want to know more about it, you can call our hotline to consult.

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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