新葡萄京娱乐场8522

新葡萄京娱乐场8522
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同声传译常见的方法有什么?

时间:2020-04-29 11:51:31 编辑:


  同声传译需要在实践中不断积累与学习的,长期的训练才能有更好的进步,下面带大家了解新葡萄京娱乐场8522同声传译常见的方法有什么?

  Simultaneous interpretation needs continuous accumulation and learning in practice, and long-term training can make better progress. Now let's learn about the common methods of simultaneous interpretation of translation companies?

  一、顺句驱动。顾名思义就是在同传过程中,译员按听到的原句的句子顺序,把整个句子切成意群单位或信息单位,再使用连接词把这些单位自然连接起来, 译出整体的意思。

  1、 Sentence driven. As the name implies, in the process of simultaneous interpreting, the interpreter cuts the whole sentence into a group or unit of information according to the sentence sequence of the original sentence, then uses the conjunction to connect these units naturally and translate the whole meaning.

  在同声传译中,译员不像交替传译中可以通过记忆或笔记的帮助展现一个完整的句子, 更不像笔译中有充分的时间布局谋篇。同传译员在一听到发言人讲话开始就不得不张开嘴翻译, 并且是在翻译的同时还要记忆理讲解话人的讲话,因此如果不马上把听到的内容用目的语表达出来, 就会给译员的记忆带来巨大的挑战和压力。因此顺译这种方法便非常值得提倡。但由于汉英两种语言的截然不同,采取顺句驱动的方法时, 如果译员只强调词语的对应,则听众会觉得译文生涩难懂, 不易理解, 适当的填词, 减词, 断句, 词性转换等笔译中经常用到的方法也需要适当应用。

  In simultaneous interpretation, the translator is not like in consecutive interpretation, who can show a complete sentence with the help of memory or notes, let alone have sufficient time layout in translation. A simultaneous interpreting interpreter will have to open his mouth when he hears a speaker's speech. He also needs to memorize and understand the speaker's speech while translating. Therefore, if he does not immediately express his content in the target language, it will bring enormous challenges and pressure to the memory of the interpreter. Therefore, this method is worth advocating. However, due to the difference between Chinese and English, if the translator only emphasizes the correspondence of words, the audience will feel that the translation is not easy to understand, and the methods often used in translation, such as filling in words, subtracting words, breaking sentences, and part of speech conversion, need to be applied properly.

  二、补充法。补充法就是译员在同传过程中通过增加一些辅助语词使得句子更通顺便于理解,比如中古的俗语有些只有三五个字,但是你无法只用三五个英文单词表达清楚。中文重意合,英语重形合。由于语言之间的差别和说话的方式方法不同,同声传译员在翻译的时侯,需要补充一些信息。

  2、 Supplementary method. The supplement is that the interpreter can make the sentence more fluent and easy to understand in the process of simultaneous interpreting, such as the medieval saying, there are only 35 words, but you can not express it clearly in 35 English words. Chinese emphasizes parataxis while English emphasizes hypotaxis. Due to the differences between languages and different ways of speaking, simultaneous interpreters need to add some information when translating.

  三、重复法。由于英语句子的连接方式是通过连接词,句子往往比较长,更具包含性,逻辑严密,句子一层套一层。如果在同声传译中,完全按照英语长句的顺序翻译,就会出现一句定语特别长或状语特别长的中文句子,这些句子在汉语中行不通。因为汉语重意合,没有那么多的连接词,同时汉语短句较多,简洁富有弹性,比英语耐重复,这一特定弥补了短句在沟通和交流中的不足。因此重复法也是同声传译经常能够用到的一种技巧。

  3、 Repetition. Because English sentences are connected by conjunctions, sentences tend to be longer, more inclusive, and logical, one layer at a time. If in simultaneous interpretation, the translation is completely in accordance with the sequence of long English sentences, there will be a Chinese sentence with a very long attribute or an extremely long adverbial, which will not work in Chinese. Because Chinese emphasizes parataxis, there are not so many conjunctions, and there are many short sentences in Chinese, which are simple, flexible and more repeatable than in English, which makes up for the lack of short sentences in communication and communication. Therefore, repetition is also a common skill in simultaneous interpretation.

  以上三种就是给大家分享同声传译常见的方法,希翼可以帮到大家!

  The above three ways are to share common methods of simultaneous interpretation. I hope they can help you!

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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