新葡萄京娱乐场8522

新葡萄京娱乐场8522
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英汉同声翻译的基本规律有哪些?

时间:2020-08-18 14:50:35 编辑:


  英汉同声翻译适用于大型研讨会和国际会议,同声翻译员通过专用设备提供即时翻译,下面新葡萄京娱乐场8522小编带大家了解英汉同声翻译的基本规律有哪些?

  English Chinese simultaneous translation is suitable for large-scale seminars and international conferences. Simultaneous translators provide instant translation through special equipment. What are the basic rules of English Chinese simultaneous translation?

  1.顺句驱动

  1.Sequential drive

  同声传译时,译员与讲话人的发言几乎同步进行,所以译员必须在原有句子顺序的基础上进行口译,必须顺着原有句子结构通过断句的方法用目标语把源语意思顺畅地表达出来。

  In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter and the speaker speak almost simultaneously, so the interpreter must interpret on the basis of the original sentence order and express the meaning of the source language smoothly with the target language according to the original sentence structure.

  2.酌情调整

  2. Adjust as appropriate

  同声传译时,译员总是在信息不完全的情况下进行口译,所以译员需要不断调整自己的表达,对误译要纠正,要把新内容不断添加上去。

  In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter always interprets when the information is not complete. Therefore, the interpreter needs to constantly adjust his own expression, correct the mistranslation and add new contents.

  3.科学预测

  3. Scientific prediction

  中英语言都有一些固定的格式,而语序排列则有差异,但一个长句子不可能等到说完再口译,这就需要同传译员根据两种语言本身的特点和对会议本身常识的掌握,科学地预测。

  There are some fixed formats in Chinese and English, but there are differences in word order. But a long sentence can not wait until after the interpretation. This requires simultaneous interpreting and scientific prediction based on the characteristics of the two languages and the knowledge of the conference itself.

  4.勿求完美

  4. Don't seek perfection

  勿求完美并非是说不看重同传质量,而是在同传实践的时候,如果一时想不起最佳表达方法,可以使用次佳的表达方法。如果一味追求某个词的完美表达,就会遗漏内容,得不偿失。但在训练的时候,应该追求完美,不断提高质量。

  Don't strive for perfection is not to say that we do not value the quality of simultaneous interpreting. But when we practice simultaneous interpreting, we can use the second best expression if we can not remember the best way of expression at the moment. If you blindly pursue the perfect expression of a word, you will miss the content, and the gain is not worth the loss. But in training, we should pursue perfection and constantly improve the quality.

  5.整体等值

  5. Overall equivalence

  整体上两种语言在信息和情感的传递上应该达到基本等值。由于发言速度快、信息量大,遗漏和出错都有可能,随后发现的时候再及时纠正和补救,这样就能够确保整体信息完整。

  On the whole, the two languages should achieve basic equivalence in the transmission of information and emotion. Due to the high speed of speech and large amount of information, omissions and errors are likely to be found, and then timely correction and remedy can be made when it is found later, so as to ensure the integrity of the overall information.

  以上就是给大家分享英汉同声翻译的基本规律,希翼可以帮到大家!

  The above is to share with you the basic rules of English Chinese simultaneous translation, hoping to help you!

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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