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口译笔记需要注意什么?

时间:2019-03-20 11:48:43 编辑:


  很多从事口译的译者都会做笔记,主要是为了保证译文的准确度和速度,下面医学翻译企业给大家分享一下口译笔记需要注意什么?

  Many interpreters take notes, mainly in order to ensure the accuracy and speed of the translation. Now the Medical Translation Company will share with you what should be paid attention to in interpreting notes.

  1、少写多划。划线条比写文字快。线条形象,相当于翻译的"半成品",有助译员眼看笔记,口出译文。两种情况下应该尽量用线条:表示动作和动态的词句。比如,以上升的斜线代表"发展","增加","进步","进一步";以下降的斜线代表"减少","下降","恶化"等等。表示因果或前后关系的词句。比如,用一条线代表"因为/所以","…之后","在…之前",以体现出上下前后之间的关联关系。

  1. Write less and draw more lines. Lines are faster than words. Line image, which is equivalent to the "semi-finished product" of translation, helps interpreters to read notes and interpret the translation. In both cases, lines should be used as far as possible: words expressing actions and movements. For example, the diagonal line above the rise represents "development", "increase", "progress", "further"; the diagonal line below represents "reduction", "decline", "deterioration" and so on. A word or phrase expressing cause and effect or context. For example, use a line to represent "because/so", "because/so", "because/so". After that, ""In the ____________ "Before" in order to reflect the relationship between the top and bottom.

  2、少字多意。养成一个词的笔记不超过一个字的习惯。中文里有大量的词汇是由两个,或两个以上的字组成。只要看到其中一个,你的短期记忆就应该能够补齐其余的字。不必多写。比如,"中国"最多写个"中"。"北京"最多写个"北"。英文词也同理处理。"politics" 最多写"poli","government"最多写"gov",等等。另外,需要培养以笔记与记忆互动;看到一个字能说出几个字,甚至一串词的能力。在有上下文的情况下,这不难。比如,谈中国的近况,听到"改革,开放"记一个"改"字,不难从短期记忆中说出原文。听到"British Prime Minister Tony Blair",记"PM",也同样能说出原文。

  2. Less words and more meanings. Develop the habit of taking notes of no more than one word. A large number of words in Chinese are composed of two or more words. As long as you see one of them, your short-term memory should be able to fill in the rest of the words. Don't write more. For example, "China" writes "Zhong" at most. "Beijing" writes "North" at most. English words are treated in the same way. "Politics" writes "poli" at most, and "government" writes "gov" at most, and so on. In addition, it is necessary to develop the ability to interact with memory by taking notes; to see a word and to speak a few words, or even a string of words. This is not difficult in contextual contexts. For example, when we talk about the current situation in China, it is not difficult to say the original from short-term memory when we hear the word "reform, opening up" and write down the word "change". When you hear "British Prime Minister Tony Blair" and remember "PM", you can also say the original text.

  3、少线多指。通用一小组线条/标记。否则在自己本来熟悉的中英文之外,又编出一套自己不熟悉的文码使用,会导致需要想一想用哪个符号的情况,欲速不达。

  3. Fewer lines and more fingers. A small set of lines/markers is used. Otherwise, compiling a set of unfamiliar codes besides the Chinese and English that you are already familiar with will lead to the situation that you need to think about which symbol to use, which is just the opposite.

  4、少横多竖。采取从上往下的阶梯结构记录,尽量少用通常书写时的横向记录。阶梯结构形象地体现出上下文的逻辑结构,简化了译员的思维过程,方便出译文。

  4. Less horizontal and more vertical. Take the staircase structure record from top to bottom, and try to use the horizontal record as little as possible when it is usually written. The ladder structure vividly reflects the logical structure of the context, simplifies the translator's thinking process and facilitates the translation.

  5、快速书写。必须发展自己的汉字快速书写系统。口译笔记完全是自己看,而且只需要几分钟之内能看懂就行。很多汉字笔划减少后,并不影响确认。我这里讲的不是潦草,而是除了实际口译经常不得不潦草之外,花一些时间,把练习中或口译工作中常用的字琢磨一下,看看可以怎样减少笔划,或理顺笔划,一笔成字。

  5. Quick writing. We must develop our own fast writing system for Chinese characters. Interpretation notes are entirely self-reading, and it only takes a few minutes to understand them. The reduction of strokes in many Chinese characters does not affect recognition. What I'm talking about here is not sloppy, but in addition to the fact that interpreters often have to sloppy, take some time to think over the commonly used words in practice or interpreting work, and see how you can reduce strokes, or straighten out strokes, and complete a stroke.

  6、明确结束。口译中,讲话人说一段,停下来让译员译一段,然后再继续。这样,上一段话和下一段话之间,必须有明确的界限。上一次的结束点,就成了下一次翻译的开始点。其重要性在于,如果笔记是从本子的1/3处开始的,下一段话可能写了2-3页,翻回来口译时,眼光无法确定这页上面哪一条线,或符号是这次翻译内容的开始点。所以需要标明。

  6. Clear end. In interpretation, the speaker says a paragraph, stops for the interpreter to translate a paragraph, and then continues. In this way, there must be a clear line between the last paragraph and the next. The end of the last time is the beginning of the next translation. Its importance is that if the notes start at one third of the notebook, the next paragraph may be written on two or three pages. When you turn back to interpret, you can't determine which line or symbol on the page is the starting point of the translation. So it needs to be marked.

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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