时间：2019-05-07 15:03:15 编辑：
In order to transmit the original information accurately, translators need to have rich linguistic knowledge and expressive ability, as well as rich cultural background knowledge. Now Beijing Translation Company will analyze how Thai is translated.
1. Differences in Grammar between Chinese and Thai Translation
1. The grammar of Chinese is: subject (+attributive) +(+adverbial) predicate + object (+attributive) (+complement), modifier before predicate (face) is adverbial, modifier after predicate (face) is complement, fixed position adverbial is adverbial. Subject, predicate, object and trunk are the key parts; attributive, adverbial and complement are branches and leaves, but they are not necessary; which is the trunk and which is the branch and leaf, we should distinguish its importance, location and symbolic vocabulary. From the position point of view, the modifier in front of the predicate is adverbial, and the modifier behind the predicate is complement.
2. Thai grammar is: subject (+attributive) +predicate + object (+attributive) (+adverbial or complement). Subject, predicate, object and Chinese; the postposition of fixed complement, that is, attributive and adverbial should be placed behind the central word (the modified word is called the central word). Thai refers to adverbials and complements as "predicate modifiers".
2. There is little difference between Thai translation and Chinese spelling and pronunciation
On the one hand, Thai is very easy to learn. Because it only has vowels and consonants, and there is no other text, that is to say, its vowels and consonants are spelled into words, that is, alphabetic writing. This is very different from Chinese, because Chinese has characters besides pinyin. By contrast, Thai is much simpler than Chinese. On the other hand, some people say that the Thai language is very difficult to write, but in fact, it is good, because after all, there are so many letters, just practice. The most rare is the pronunciation of Thai, because many Thai pronunciation, Chinese does not exist, so it will be difficult for us, but not only for us, all foreigners can not pronounce very standard Thai.
3. Preserving the Symbolic Meaning and Changing the Symbolic Image
Some Thai metaphors have the same meaning in Chinese, but their images are different. If translated literally into Chinese, it is not only inconsistent with Chinese habits, but also very awkward. In order to make the translation easy to understand and vivid, we can preserve its metaphorical meaning and change its metaphorical image according to Chinese cultural customs. Similarly, some Chinese metaphors, if translated directly into Thai, do not conform to the habits of Thai, and need to change their metaphorical image.
4. A proper explanation of the Thai language in the cultural background is enough
When translating Thai, we often encounter some sentences in its cultural background. For example, when a speaker learns that a foreign friend is about to get married, he or she will ask, "When are you going to invite happy candy?" When the translator has translated the original words, he or she should make appropriate explanations to the other party: "Happy candy is the meaning of marriage, which is loyal to the original text and makes the conversation between the two parties cordial. In addition, this is especially true when translating Chinese allegorical sayings.
5. Retain the content of the original text and change its expression according to the actual situation
When translating Thai, if the literal translation can not express the original meaning satisfactorily, it can retain its content and change its form of expression, especially when translating Thai proverbs or idioms. Some proverbs are translated literally as "two opinions are better than one". Although the meaning is expressed, it lacks the flavor of proverbs, so it is better to translate it into "three smelly cobblers are better than Zhuge Liang", which is loyal to the original meaning, in line with the habits of Chinese, and has the flavor of proverbs. Similarly, in Chinese-to-Chinese translation, interpreters can also make proper use of allusions and idioms familiar to each other according to the cultural customs of the other country, which will make interpretation more cordial and vivid.
Above is the method of Thai translation shared by Beijing Translation Company. I hope it will be helpful to you. If you want to know more about it, you can watch other articles on this site.