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泰语是怎样进行翻译的?

时间:2019-05-07 15:03:15 编辑:


  为了使互译译文能够准确地传递原文信息,译员需要具有丰富的语言常识和表达能力,还需要具有丰富的学问相关背景常识,下面北京新葡萄京娱乐场8522给大家分析一下泰语是怎样进行翻译的。
  In order to transmit the original information accurately, translators need to have rich linguistic knowledge and expressive ability, as well as rich cultural background knowledge. Now Beijing Translation Company will analyze how Thai is translated.
  一、中文与泰语翻译语法区别不同
  1. Differences in Grammar between Chinese and Thai Translation

  1、汉语的语法是:主语(+定语)+(+状语)谓语+宾语(+定语)(+补语),谓(语)前(面的修饰语)为状,谓(语)后(面的修饰语为)补语,的定地状得后补。主语、谓语、宾语、为主干,是关键的部分;定语、状语、补语为枝叶,可无可有;哪是主干,哪是枝叶,要分清楚其重要性、位置及标志性的词汇。从位置上看,谓语前面的修饰语为状语,谓语后面的修饰语为补语。
  1. The grammar of Chinese is: subject (+attributive) +(+adverbial) predicate + object (+attributive) (+complement), modifier before predicate (face) is adverbial, modifier after predicate (face) is complement, fixed position adverbial is adverbial. Subject, predicate, object and trunk are the key parts; attributive, adverbial and complement are branches and leaves, but they are not necessary; which is the trunk and which is the branch and leaf, we should distinguish its importance, location and symbolic vocabulary. From the position point of view, the modifier in front of the predicate is adverbial, and the modifier behind the predicate is complement.
  2、泰语的语法是:主语(+定语)+谓语+宾语(+定语)(+状语或补语)。主谓宾同汉语;定状补要后置,即定语、状语要放在中心词(被修饰的那个词叫中心词)的后面。泰语把状语与补语,统称为“谓语修饰语”。
  2. Thai grammar is: subject (+attributive) +predicate + object (+attributive) (+adverbial or complement). Subject, predicate, object and Chinese; the postposition of fixed complement, that is, attributive and adverbial should be placed behind the central word (the modified word is called the central word). Thai refers to adverbials and complements as "predicate modifiers".
  二、泰语翻译与中文拼写与发音区别不大
  2. There is little difference between Thai translation and Chinese spelling and pronunciation

  从一方面看的话,泰语是很好学。因为它只有元音和辅音,而没有另外的文字,就是说它的元辅音相拼便是文字,即拼音文字。这和中文区别很大,因为中文除了拼音外还有文字。相比之下,泰语就比中文简单的多。另一方面,有人说泰语的文字很难写,其实还好,因为毕竟就那么些字母,练习一下就可以了。最难得就是泰语的发音了,因为泰语的很多发音,中文都没有,所以对于大家来说会有难度,不过不仅仅是大家,所有外国人都不能发很标准的泰语。
  On the one hand, Thai is very easy to learn. Because it only has vowels and consonants, and there is no other text, that is to say, its vowels and consonants are spelled into words, that is, alphabetic writing. This is very different from Chinese, because Chinese has characters besides pinyin. By contrast, Thai is much simpler than Chinese. On the other hand, some people say that the Thai language is very difficult to write, but in fact, it is good, because after all, there are so many letters, just practice. The most rare is the pronunciation of Thai, because many Thai pronunciation, Chinese does not exist, so it will be difficult for us, but not only for us, all foreigners can not pronounce very standard Thai.
  三、保存共比喻意义,改换共比喻形象
  3. Preserving the Symbolic Meaning and Changing the Symbolic Image

  有些泰语比喻在汉语里存在同样的意义,但形象却不同。如果直译成汉语,不仅不符合汉语的习惯,听起来还很别扭,为了使译文通顺易懂,形象生动,翻译时可根据中国学问习俗,保存其比喻意义,改换其比喻形象。同样,有些汉语比喻,如果直译成泰语,也不符合泰语的习惯,也需要改换其比喻形象。
  Some Thai metaphors have the same meaning in Chinese, but their images are different. If translated literally into Chinese, it is not only inconsistent with Chinese habits, but also very awkward. In order to make the translation easy to understand and vivid, we can preserve its metaphorical meaning and change its metaphorical image according to Chinese cultural customs. Similarly, some Chinese metaphors, if translated directly into Thai, do not conform to the habits of Thai, and need to change their metaphorical image.
  四、泰语在学问背景作适当的阐释就行
  4. A proper explanation of the Thai language in the cultural background is enough

  在翻译泰语中时,常会遇到在其学问背景下的一些语句。比如,当交谈者得知某外国朋友快要结婚时,会问到:“你什么时候请吃喜糖啊?”这时译员在将原话翻译完后,应向对方作适当的阐译:“请吃喜糖,就是结婚的意思,既忠于原文,又可使双方的谈话富有亲切感。另外,在翻译汉语的歇后语时更应如此。
  When translating Thai, we often encounter some sentences in its cultural background. For example, when a speaker learns that a foreign friend is about to get married, he or she will ask, "When are you going to invite happy candy?" When the translator has translated the original words, he or she should make appropriate explanations to the other party: "Happy candy is the meaning of marriage, which is loyal to the original text and makes the conversation between the two parties cordial. In addition, this is especially true when translating Chinese allegorical sayings.
  五、保留原文其内容,根据实际改变其表达形式
  5. Retain the content of the original text and change its expression according to the actual situation

  在翻译泰语时,如果直译不能圆满地表达原义时,可保留其内容,改变其表达形式,尤其是在翻译泰语谚语或成语时更应这样。有些谚语直译为“两个意见要比一个意见好”。意思虽然表达出来了,但缺乏谚语的味道,不如译成“三个臭皮匠,胜过诸葛亮”,这样既忠于原义,符合汉语的习惯,还具有谚语韵味。同样,汉译法时,译员也可根据对方国家的学问习俗,适当使用对方所熟悉的典故、成语,也会使口译显得更加亲切生动。
  When translating Thai, if the literal translation can not express the original meaning satisfactorily, it can retain its content and change its form of expression, especially when translating Thai proverbs or idioms. Some proverbs are translated literally as "two opinions are better than one". Although the meaning is expressed, it lacks the flavor of proverbs, so it is better to translate it into "three smelly cobblers are better than Zhuge Liang", which is loyal to the original meaning, in line with the habits of Chinese, and has the flavor of proverbs. Similarly, in Chinese-to-Chinese translation, interpreters can also make proper use of allusions and idioms familiar to each other according to the cultural customs of the other country, which will make interpretation more cordial and vivid.
  以上就是北京翻译企业给大家分享泰语翻译的方法,希翼对大家有帮助,想要了解更多相关内容,可以观看新葡萄京娱乐场8522其他文章。
  Above is the method of Thai translation shared by Beijing Translation Company. I hope it will be helpful to you. If you want to know more about it, you can watch other articles on this site.
中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.
 
 
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