新葡萄京娱乐场8522

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商务翻译基本原则有什么?

时间:2019-05-14 16:00:10 编辑:


  商务翻译涵盖范围非常广泛,涉及到对外贸易、国际运输、通知等不同的活动,下面北京新葡萄京娱乐场8522给大家说说商务翻译基本原则有什么?

  Business translation covers a wide range of activities, including foreign trade, international transportation, notification and so on. Now, what are the basic principles of business translation?

  一、简洁

  1. Succinct

  在当今竞争激烈的商务活动中,时间就是金钱,简洁高效的交流已经成为人际交往的主旋律。商务活动的合编辑往往面临两难选择,既要抓住商机,又面临竞争对手的多重夹击,要求必须提高办事效率;这也势必会对商务文件提出简洁精练的要求,在商务活动中,除了商业广告要诉诸情感以情动人之外;商务文本则强调以理服人,不突出文采,不追求华丽的辞藻与虚饰,相反,华而不实的语言不仅浪费时间与精力,而且言多必失;反而造成对方的理解困惑、怀疑或失误,因此原则上商务文本的翻译应该突出目的性,力图语言精练、朴实、客观,文体正规,用词规范。

  In today's highly competitive business activities, time is money. Simple and efficient communication has become the main theme of interpersonal communication. Cooperators in business activities often face a dilemma of choices, not only to seize business opportunities, but also to face multiple attacks from competitors, which requires to improve efficiency; this is bound to put forward concise and concise requirements for business documents, in business activities, in addition to commercial advertising to appeal to emotional appeal; business text emphasizes persuasion, not highlighting literary talent, not the pursuit of gorgeous. On the contrary, rhetoric is not only a waste of time and energy, but also a loss of words. On the contrary, it causes confusion, doubts or errors in the understanding of the other party. Therefore, in principle, the translation of business texts should highlight the purpose, strive for concise, simple, objective language, formal style and standardized use of words.

  二、清晰

  2. clear

  精确强调信息的准确,简洁突出信息表达的效率,而清晰则关注表达的得体,即“最佳的词语放在最佳的位置",不会产生歧义。语言是一柄双刃剑,所谓“一言以成事,一言以贲事",表达上的含混会造成严重的后果。在商务翻译中,必须强调清晰,不模棱两可,避免被对方误解或给对方留下可乘之机。为此,采用的语言一定要经得起推敲,甚至应该比较直白或质朴。

  Accurate emphasis on the accuracy of information, concise emphasis on the efficiency of information expression, while clear focus on the appropriate expression, that is, "the best words in the best place", will not produce ambiguity. Language is a double-edged sword. The so-called "one word to accomplish something, one word to heart". Ambiguity in expression can cause serious consequences. In business translation, it is necessary to emphasize clarity and ambiguity so as to avoid being misunderstood or leaving opportunities for the other party. To this end, the language must withstand scrutiny, and even be more straightforward or plain.

  三、精确

  3. precise

  商务文件,无论是信函,还是合同,都是双方建立交易关系的重要凭证,在一定意义上,具有法律文本的作用。一字之差,轻则造成重大的财产损失,重则导致双方交易关系破裂,以至于对簿公堂。所以在商务翻译的过程中,体现原文本的目的,将这一目的准确无误地传达给译文读者,即商务合作的对方,显得极为重要。为了达到这一目的,翻译时不仅要仔细阅读原文本,而且还要了解涉及原文本产生的条件,即交易的过程、目的、基本环节;然后再字斟句酌,把原文本的重要信息完整准确地表达出来,避免误读、误译和译文表述得含糊其辞或模棱两可,从而产生歧义,引起交际双方的误解或曲解。

  Business documents, whether letters or contracts, are important vouchers for both parties to establish business relations. In a sense, they have the function of legal texts. The difference of one word may cause significant property losses, while the difference between the two sides may lead to the breakdown of the transaction relationship and bring the book to court. Therefore, in the process of business translation, it is extremely important to embody the purpose of the original text and to convey this purpose to the target readers, that is, the other side of business cooperation. In order to achieve this goal, translators should not only read the original text carefully, but also understand the conditions involved in the production of the original text, i.e. the process, purpose and basic links of the transaction. Then they should carefully and accurately express the important information of the original text, so as to avoid misreading, mistranslation and ambiguity in the expression of the translated text, thus creating ambiguity and causing communication ambiguity. Party's misunderstanding or misinterpretation.

  四、灵活

  4. flexible

  与对于其他翻译工编辑的要求一样,商务译者不仅要具有扎实的语言基本功;而且需要广博的专业常识,以及正确而又灵活的翻译思路和翻译策略、翻译方法,换言之,要讲究翻译的灵活性。就语言问题而言,可以从翻译的不同单位进行观察、探讨,就学问问题而言,则可以从内涵和意象进行分析、思考。无论从哪个角度切入,翻译时运用“具体情况具体分析”这一活的原则和灵活采用不同的翻译对策,是译者要时时遵循的。需要指出的是,灵活性原则的前提仍然是准确。一位合格的翻译,必然会自始至终把准确摆在第一位。

  Like other translators, business translators need not only solid language skills, but also extensive professional knowledge, correct and flexible translation ideas, strategies and methods, in other words, flexibility in translation. As far as linguistic issues are concerned, we can observe and discuss them from different units of translation, and as far as cultural issues are concerned, we can analyze and think about them from their connotations and images. No matter from which angle, translators should always follow the living principle of "concrete analysis of specific situations" and flexibly adopt different translation strategies. It should be pointed out that the premise of flexibility principle is still accuracy. A qualified translator will always put accuracy first.

  以上四点就是北京翻译企业给大家分享商务翻译的基本原则,希翼对大家有帮助,想要了解更多相关内容,欢迎观看新葡萄京娱乐场8522其他文章!

  The above four points are the basic principles of business translation shared by Beijing Translation Company. I hope they will be helpful to you. If you want to know more about them, you are welcome to watch other articles on this website.

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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