新葡萄京娱乐场8522

新葡萄京娱乐场8522
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同声传译的难点有什么?

时间:2019-08-05 14:45:47 编辑:


  各国之间的交流越来越广泛,在交流会上少不了同声传译的沟通,今天图书新葡萄京娱乐场8522给大家说说同声传译的难点有什么?

  The exchanges between countries are more and more extensive, and simultaneous interpretation is indispensable in the exchanges. What are the difficulties of simultaneous interpretation in today's book translation company?

  1、对倒装句的处理。英、汉语的语序差别很大,这就给口译造成了较大困难。

  1. Handling inverted sentences. There are great differences in word order between English and Chinese, which makes interpretation more difficult.

  2、被动语态和主动语态。英语常用被动语态,相对来说,汉语则多用主动语态。了解这一点,在互译时,就会避免译出英文式的中文,或中文式的英文。

  2. Passive voice and active voice. Passive voice is commonly used in English, while active voice is commonly used in Chinese. Knowing this, when translating into each other, we will avoid translating into English or Chinese.

  3、长句的处理。处理好长句子,是同声传译的基本功之一。翻译长句,除要注意根据意群,将其切断为简单句外,还有一个关键要掌握,即英文句子之所以长和复杂,那是为了避免重复使用同一个词,于是用who, which, that代替主词和宾语,因而使句子变得很长。而中文则不怕重复使用同一词语。

  3. The treatment of long sentences. Handling long sentences well is one of the basic skills of simultaneous interpretation. In translating long sentences, besides cutting them into simple sentences according to their meaning groups, there is also a key point to grasp, that is, the reason why English sentences are long and complex is to avoid the repetition of the same word and use who, which, that instead of the subject and object, so that the sentence becomes very long. Chinese is not afraid to repeat the same word.

  除了上面所说的这一关键,还有一个方法,就是要学会使用"润滑剂"。在同声传译时,为了赶时间,往往尽可能依照原文的句法结构,避免做大的改动。当把长句切为短句时,难免会造成一种断断续续互不关联的感觉。因此,在短句之间,要灵活地添加一些虚词,这些词本身不只有任何意义,但却能使译出的句子听起来不那么艰涩、生硬。

  In addition to the key mentioned above, there is another way to learn to use "lubricants". In simultaneous interpretation, in order to be in a hurry, it is often possible to follow the syntactic structure of the original text to avoid major changes. When long sentences are cut into short sentences, it inevitably creates a sense of discontinuity and irrelevance. Therefore, between short sentences, we should add some functional words flexibly. These words themselves do not have any meaning, but they can make the translated sentences sound less difficult and stiff.

  4、词义的细微差别的处理。译员的特点是记忆力强,但是,普遍存在的不足之处是对英语词语之间的细微差别,在理解上有所欠缺。因此在翻译时,常常是大意都翻译过去了,但是却丢掉了发言人用词的微妙之处,显得比较生硬,有时,甚至因为不了解词义的细微差别而导致意思上的重大差别。

  4. The treatment of subtle differences in word meaning. Translators are characterized by strong memory, but the common shortcoming is that they lack understanding of the subtle differences between English words. Therefore, when translating, the main idea is often translated, but the subtleties of the spokesperson's words are lost, which makes them more rigid, sometimes even because they do not understand the subtleties of the meaning of the words, leading to significant differences in meaning.

  以上就是图书翻译企业给大家总结同声传译的难点,希翼对大家有帮助,想要了解更多相关内容,可以观看新葡萄京娱乐场8522其他文章!

  This is the book translation company to summarize the difficulties of simultaneous interpretation, I hope to help you, want to know more about the content, you can watch other articles on this site!

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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