新葡萄京娱乐场8522

新葡萄京娱乐场8522
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做好英语翻译要避免什么误区?

时间:2019-10-10 11:35:03 编辑:


  英语是国际通用语言,被广泛的应用于日常的生活和工作中,下面图书新葡萄京娱乐场8522给大家分享做好英语翻译要避免什么误区?

  English is a common international language, which is widely used in daily life and work. Now the book translation company will share with you what misunderstandings should be avoided in doing English translation well.

  误区一:重语法、轻思想。发现很多同学错误的理解了老师在翻译复习时讲到句法以及搭配的意义。老师之所以要讲各种常识点,是为了让学生更好的理解原文,而并非是翻译的时候完全局限于词汇和句法。例如: share是“分担”的意思,提醒大家了解了这个,并不是说在任何一个句子,看到了这个词,就一定要翻译成分担。

  Myth 1: Emphasizing grammar over thought. It was found that many students misunderstood the meaning of syntax and collocation in the teacher's translation review. The reason why teachers should talk about all kinds of knowledge points is to enable students to better understand the original text, rather than the translation is completely confined to vocabulary and syntax. For example, share means "share", which reminds us of this. It does not mean that in any sentence, when we see the word, we must translate it into "share".

  误区二:结构和原文保持一致比较保险。事实上,英语和汉语是两种完全不同的语言。首先,英语是一门“形合”语言,语言意义是通过语言的形式来表达的,而汉语是一门“神合”语言。其次,英语和汉语的思维方式也是不一样的。以英语为母语的人的思维是“直线”型思维,而中国人的思维确是螺旋型的思维。有些英语句子,如果严格按照原句的结构翻译就会使译文很蹩脚。

  Myth 2: It is safer to keep the structure consistent with the original text. In fact, English and Chinese are two completely different languages. First of all, English is a "hypothetical" language. Language meaning is expressed in the form of language, while Chinese is a "divine" language. Secondly, the way of thinking in English and Chinese is also different. The thinking of native English speakers is "straight line" thinking, while the thinking of Chinese people is indeed spiral thinking. Some English sentences, if translated strictly according to the structure of the original sentence, will make the translation very poor.

  误区三:忽略语境,直接翻译。有的同学认为,考研英语中的翻译部分时间总共才20分钟左右,阅读内容通常难度大,时间就紧迫,不如不看文章,直接翻译句子。其实,从翻译所处的位置来看,阅读也是翻译部分要考察的内容之一。另一方面,如果缺乏对原文大意的把握,译文很可能基调和原文不一样。缺乏对前后相邻句子的理解,对需要翻译的句子的理解很可能就是断章取义。认为“译文准确”也就丧失了其基础。

  Mistake 3: Ignore the context and translate directly. Some students think that the translation part of the postgraduate entrance examination in English is only about 20 minutes in total. Reading content is usually difficult and time is urgent. It is better to translate sentences directly without looking at the articles. As a matter of fact, reading is also one of the contents of translation. On the other hand, if the original is not grasped carefully, the tone of the translation may be different from that of the original. Without the understanding of the adjacent sentences, the understanding of the sentences that need to be translated is likely to be out of context. It is believed that "translation accuracy" also loses its foundation.

中译国际翻译(北京)有限企业
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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